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Photobiomodulation Therapy


What is Photobiomodulation? Photobiomodulation is the scientific name for light therapy. It is hard to believe how the use of a laser light beam could potentially improve muscle cells and soft tissue structures in our body, but Photobiomodulation has been widely accepted in the scientific community, and it has been proven by numerous publications with over 5,000 articles published in this new field of medicine.

At Indy Vital, we are proud to say we had developed a partnership with the internationally renowned manufacturer of laser light therapy, THOR Laser. Now we can offer you treatments with THOR Laser devices. As part of our relationship with THOR, we were able to secure a very exclusive laser medical equipment called NovoTHOR, a light therapy bed that can deliver light therapy to the entire body. Also, in case the medical problem is more localized, such as knee pain for example, we can provide you with focal light treatment using a laser device named THOR Laser Max. THOR Laser Max delivers a potent focal laser beam using a hand-held probe created specifically for focal laser therapy. 

The indications for light therapy are broad but are commonly used in acute and chronic musculoskeletal pain and inflammation. Photobiomodulation has also been used in the treatment of pain, oral and dental disorders, and even in the field of Psychiatry. In the field of Oncology, it very useful in the treatment of oral mucositis, mouth ulcers that developed while receiving chemotherapy for the treatment of cancer.

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Photobiomodulation Therapy Benefits

- Improves tissue repair
- Relieves muscular and joint pain and inflammation
- Redevelops muscles, relaxes them and improves blood flow
- Whole-body, head to toe treatment


Photobiomodulation Therapy Frequently Asked Questions

What is Photobiomodulation?

It is light therapy using lasers or LEDs to improve tissue repair, reduce pain and inflammation wherever the beam is applied.


What are the common uses for Photobiomodulation?

Photobiomodulation has been used for many years on sports injuries, arthritic joints, neuropathic pain syndromes, back, and neck pain.


How long does the Photobiomodulation procedure take?

Usually applied by a doctor, therapist, or technician, treatments take about 10 minutes and should be applied two or more times a week.


Have Photobiomodulation beings studied scientifically?

Over 700 randomized clinical trials have been published on Photobiomodulation, half of which are on pain. There is substantial clinical evidence published in peer-reviewed medical journals showing laser therapy (LLLT)/Photobiomodulation Therapy can stimulate repair of tissue, reduce inflammation, and relieve pain in musculoskeletal disorders.


How does Photobiomodulation or cold laser works?

Lasers and LED’s produce intense beams of light at specific wavelengths. When the right wavelength at the right intensity is used at the correct anatomical location for the right amount of time, you can stimulate repair, resolve inflammation, and reduce pain.


What is the science behind Photobiomodulation?

The primary mechanisms by which Photobiomodulation works is based on the effect of light on Cytochrome-C Oxidase and consequently, the unbinding of nitric oxide and release of ATP, leading to improved cellular function.


How does Photobiomodulation decrease inflammation?

In the lab, scientists found anti-inflammatory effects by measuring a reduction in inflammatory cytokines such as PGE2, TNF Alpha and IL-6 in the synovia surrounding damaged tendons and for analgesia, high-intensity lasers over nerve supply can inhibit fast axonal flow.


What kind of equipment does Indy Vital have for the treatment with Photobiomodulation?

At Indy Vital, we have two light therapy devices. The first is called NovoTHOR; a whole-body light therapy device that uses red and near-infrared light to treat injuries, reduce pain, relax muscles/joints, and increase blood circulation. The second is called THOR Laser Max, a focal laser device that uses several kinds of hand-held probes to treat a more localized area.


Does the FDA approve these laser medical devices?

THOR has over 3,000 customers in pioneering clinics and hospitals in more than 70 countries and is the only company with FDA, CE, TGA, Health Canada, and NATO clearance. Since 1993 THOR has built an unprecedented and unparalleled Research and Development pedigree with many of the world’s leading Universities. Around the world, these animal and human healthcare professionals have published over 700 randomized Controlled Trials using LED and 3b Laser devices and over 4,000 publications altogether.


Is Photobiomodulation painful while receiving the treatment or after the procedure?

No, Photobiomodulation is painless. There is no pain or discomfort while receiving the treatment. After the treatment is completed, there should be a significant improvement in pain and inflammation where laser therapy was applied.


Are there any side effects of Photobiomodulation?

No, adverse side effects have not been reported with the use of PBM


By what intracellular mechanism Photobiomodulation help alleviate muscle pain and injury?

Light therapy works predominately on a protein in mitochondria (cytochrome c oxidase) to increase ATP and reduce oxidative stress. A cascade of mitochondrial and intracellular downstream effects lead to improved tissue repair and reduced inflammation.


What are the other names for Photobiomodulation?

Photobiomodulation is also known as Cold Laser or Low-Level Laser Therapy and uses light therapy by applying lights to improve tissue repair, reduce pain and inflammation at different sites of the body.


Has Photobiomodulation been used in the academic, university setting?

Yes, the benefits of using light therapy are extensively described in the medical literature and have been tested and approved by the most prestigious universities in the United States and abroad.


Has NovoTHOR been used in athletes?

Yes, Thor customers include the British and the US military services, the Premier Division of soccer teams in England, the US Olympic Team, race drivers from Formula-1 and currently is mostly available only at athletic clubs and in the division of sports medicine in several Ivy League Universities in the US.


Photobiomodulation Therapy Side Effects

No adverse side effects have been reported with the use of PBM.


Photobiomodulation for Pain Management

This modality of treatment is beneficial for patients who suffer from musculoskeletal, headaches, and neuropathy. Light therapy is relatively uncomplicated. We apply a laser or LED light therapy that improves tissue repair (skin wounds, muscle, tendon, bone, nerves), reduces inflammation, and reduces pain wherever the beam is applied. Usually applied by a doctor, therapist, or technician, treatments typically take 10-20 minutes and should be used two to three times a week for a period of six weeks. Light therapy has virtually no side effects.

At Indy Vital, we offer whole-body Photobiomodulation by using a light bed called NovoTHOR and also a more localized target laser using several handheld probes.


Photobiomodulation for Athletes

Indy Vital is proud to provide you with NovoTHOR Light POD. This equipment is used by the US Olympic team, team USA, before and after every competition. The goal of the Olympic athletes is to obtain faster recovery and less soreness after exercise. There is also improvement in joint motion and muscle relaxation. What is impressive is that NovoTHOR will also provide you a sensation of calmness and relaxation.
The mechanism by which this equipment works is called Photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy. NovoTHOR Light Pod delivers a therapeutic dose of red and near-infrared light in an efficient full-body treatment. When light is applied with the right wavelength, intensity, and duration, your body’s cells react by producing more energy. So instead of just having enough power to get by, your cells get a boost that allows them to repair, replicate, and do their jobs.


When all the different cells in your body all do their jobs well, you get broad health benefits such as:

- decreased pain and inflammation
- faster recovery and less soreness after exercise
- speedier recovery after injury
- reduced fat and cardiometabolic risk factors
- clients report better sleep, reduced stress, improved mood



Intended uses for PBM therapy include

- improving muscle performance
- restoration of joint motion
- muscle relaxation and relief from spasms
- relief of pain and inflammation associated with arthritis
- increase circulation
- adjunct to weight loss, combined with diet and exercise


Conditions Treated

Sports Injuries

Photobiomodulation therapy can treat both acute and chronic conditions.



Both acute and chronic forms of arthritis can be treated with Photobiomodulation therapy.


Peripheral Neuropathy

Photobiomodulation is able to accelerate regeneration of peripheral nerves evidenced in several scientific studies. After laser light therapy is applied for several weeks, there is an increased number of myelinated fibers and improved lamellar myelin sheath, indicating nerve fiber recovery. Other parameters such as improvement of electrophysiological function and lower levels of inflammation and pain are also part of the benefits identified in these studies. At Indy Vital we have whole-body PBM and localized focal PBM to help your symptoms related to peripheral neuropathy.


Chronic Pain Syndrome

Mitochondrial and intracellular downstream effects lead to improved tissue repair and reduced inflammation.



Photobiomodulation Therapy can help with Fibromylagia by reducing pain and inflammation at different sites of the body.


Anxiety and Depression

Photobiomodulation (PBM) has anti-anxiety and anti-depressive effects when individuals are exposed to near-infrared light at a preset frequency. Indy Vital has whole-body photobiomodulation and localized photobiomodulation available to you. The mechanism on how PBM improves anxiety and depression is not fully understood, but studies suggest that PBM increases cerebral levels of serotonin and decreases Nitric Oxide levels in the pre-frontal cortex.


Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Scientific evidence suggests that Photobiomodulation (PMB) minimizes acute and chronic fatigue. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is painful, and most patients do not respond well to oral medications and pharmacotherapy. We suggest, based on recent studies, that PMB is an excellent choice for the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome.


Oral Mucositis

Photobiomodulation is very useful in the treatment of mouth ulcers that developed while receiving chemotherapy for the treatment of cancer.

5252 E. 82nd Street, Suite 300
Indianapolis, IN 46250
Phone: 317-218-4308
Fax: 317-588-2647
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